Android is the world’s leading mobile operating system, powering millions of devices worldwide. It is based on the Linux kernel and is developed by Google. Android is an open source platform, allowing device manufacturers and developers to customize its software and application experience to fit their needs. But what are the main components of Android?
The Android Architecture is divided into four main components – the application layer, the application framework, libraries, and the Linux kernel. Each of these components has an integral role in the functioning of the Android system. The application layer is responsible for all of the user-facing applications, such as the home screen and launcher. The application framework provides the basic infrastructure and services needed for applications to run. The libraries layer contains a number of core libraries that provide the necessary functionality for the applications. Lastly, the Linux kernel is responsible for providing the necessary drivers and hardware interfaces for the system, as well as managing the memory and power of the device.
Understanding the role of each of these components is essential for developers and device manufacturers who want to customize the Android experience. Together, they provide the necessary infrastructure and services that allow Android to power millions of devices worldwide.